Exotic Pets: Common Reptile Health Problems

Many ailments people face, like stomach problems, cancer, and renal failure, affect animals. The metabolic bone disorder is a prevalent condition in herptiles. It is crucial to provide them with the nutrients and vitamins necessary to help bone development and maintain healthy calcium and phosphorus intake.

Each species has its unique set of health quirks. The change in skin tone could be expected for certain herptiles; however, they can signify sickness in others. You should get familiar with the conditions that apply to your chosen pet.

Many diseases and illnesses that affect reptiles can be prevented. It’s possible to identify poor health indicators if you extensively investigate your reptile species and learn the common ailments they face.

Reptile Illnesses and Health Conditions

Reptiles are beautiful pets. However, they can also be challenging to take care of without doing your homework first. People who own bearded dragons, lizards, snakes, and other exotic pets should consider these prevalent health issues and reptile illnesses.

Metabolic Bone Disorder

This frequent reptile ailment is caused by the inadequate care system, insufficient UV lighting, and insufficient vitamin D and food that isn’t appropriate for their development. The tortoises and lizards are the most vulnerable since they require calcium supplements, too.

Proper UV illumination and a timer in reptiles could assist in the prevention of metabolic bone disease. You can buy the UV lamp equipped with thermostats to ensure that your pet receives the right amount of heat and light. Researching the correct nutrition for reptiles and any supplements or specific care they require is also beneficial.


Mites are among the most prevalent external parasite in reptiles. They are found on the skin’s surface. They appear as red or black spots around the eyes and ears, and skin folds around the joints. Reptile mites can cause tension and irritation to the skin and are difficult to eradicate.

Fungal Diseases

Reptiles and amphibians require an external heat source and a basking place where they may relax while warming. However, germs thrive in this environment. Examine your snake for signs of fungal infections or low health frequently. If their skin gets wet fragile, weak, or damaged, apply an anti-fungal spray specifically for reptiles. Contact your veterinarian for more information about therapeutic laser therapy.

Mouth Rot

One sign of this condition is irritated gums, redness, and mouth. An infection of the bacterium in your pet’s mouth causes it.

The root of the problem is a filthy environment for pets or a too humid environment. If your reptile’s mouth is rotting or decaying, take it to your vet to get treatment. Look up “Routine dog dental care” for the best results.


The skin that isn’t shed correctly can cause this problem. The old skin damages the new skin, leaving spots of inflammation and redness behind. If you have a shed pet, make sure they have ample room to shed the old skin.

If your pet is suffering from dysecdysis, you can treat it by placing it in warm water and then taking it off the skin. Contact a reptile expert before attempting to take care of your reptile’s skin on your own.

Respiratory Infection

A common cold can be harmful to reptiles. Because reptiles’ treatment can be challenging, they require the right environment to prevent colds.

Make an appointment with a vet if your reptile is coughing, wheezing, or suffering from watery eyes. It is quite risky for your pet if the cold turns into a respiratory infection. Visit a vet for avian and exotic veterinary care.

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