The story of Nova Scotia Light and Power Company Limited starts with the incorporation of the Halifax Gas, Light and Water Company in 1840. By January of 1843 the company was ready with six miles [ten km] of gas mains and lights for 281 stores and dwellings, along with sixty street lights. Operations continued with variable success until 1897 when the People's Heat and Light Company, a second gas business formed in 1893, absorbed the first gas company.
Another ancestral company was the Halifax City Railroad Company, a horsedrawn public transit system organized in 1863. It began operations on 11 June 1866, and for ten years served Halifax with what eventually became nine miles [15 km] of track laid in the streets. This system was taken over by the Halifax Street Railway Company Limited and its successor, the Nova Scotia Power Company Limited, which carried on until 1896 when electric trams replaced the horse cars.
The third and most important strand of the company's history is traceable to April 1881 – a year and four months before Thomas Edison opened his Pearl Street electric generating station in New York – when three Haligonians formed the Halifax Electric Light Company Limited. It never operated. Possibly the technical problems associated with taming this untried and unknown force – electricity – were too awesome at that time for Halifax knowledge and technology.
Three years and seven months later, John Starr and his associates incorporated the Halifax Electric Light Company (limited). It is the same name except in the way "limited" is written, with a lowercase "l" and in parentheses. The second electric company built a 100 horsepower [70 kW] generating plant driven by a steam engine, and began operations from Black's Wharf, Water Street, in February 1885.
On 20 December 1887, the Halifax Electric Light Company (limited) was taken over by the Halifax Gas Light Company Limited, which had dropped "Water" and added "Limited" to its name.
It was left for the Halifax Electric Tramway Company Limited, formed in 1895, to bring order out of the corporate chaos by buying the Nova Scotia Power Company, the Halifax Street Railway Company, and the Halifax Illuminating and Motor Company. Then, in 1902, it bought the People's Heat and Light Company and from then on gas was under the electric wing until the old gas works was shut down in 1953.
See: Halifax: Birney Stronghold
A new company, the Nova Scotia Tramways and Power Company Limited, had been formed in 1914. In January 1917, it bought the properties and legal powers of the Halifax Electric Tramway Company Limited. In the great Halifax Explosion of 6 December 1917, the company's electric generation station received only superficial damage, but all the rolling stock was hit, some of the trams were demolished, and the property damage in the service area was extensive.
The above is excerpted and adapted from an essay Nova Scotia Light & Power Company published in the May 1967 "Centennial Issue" of Industrial Canada — a copy is held in the Western Libraries at the University of Western Ontario.
The Wayback Machine has archived copies of this document:
Archived: 2005 December 20
Archived: 2006 January 11
Archived: 2007 August 23
From 1919 to 1924, Nova Scotia Tramways & Power Company was under the management of Stone & Webster Inc., Boston.
In 1924, Isaac Walton Killam, through the Royal Securities Corporation, bought control of Nova Scotia Tramways & Power Company.
In 1928, Nova Scotia Tramways & Power Company Limited changed its name to Nova Scotia Light & Power Company Limited.
In November 1925, The Avon River Power Company bought the Windsor Electric Light & Power Company.
In 1926, The Avon River Power Company bought the Gaspereaux River Light, Heat & Power Company.
In April 1929, the Nova Scotia Light & Power Company bought the Avon River Power Company and thereafter operated it as a wholly-owned subsidiary.
During 1931, the Avon River Power Company bought six small electric utilities in the Annapolis Valley:
Centreville Electric Light & Power Company,
Gaspereaux Valley Electric Light Company,
Lower Horton Electric Company,
Kingston Electric Light Commission,
the Town of Middleton's electric power system, and
Sheffield Mills Light & Power Company.
In 1935, Nova Scotia Light & Power Company Limited took over the Dartmouth Gas, Electric Light, Heating & Power Company and the Sackville River Electric Company.
In August 1941, the Avon River Power Company bought the electric power distribution system owned and operated by the Canning Water Commissioners in Kings County.
In January 1972, the Nova Scotia Light & Power Company was taken over by the Nova Scotia Power Commission, an agency of the Nova Scotia Government. At that time, the Nova Scotia Power Commission acquired 99.65% of the common shares and approximately 98% of the preferred shares of Nova Scotia Light & Power Company Limited. That gave the NSPC complete control of the NSL&P Company; the first step was the replacement of the entire board of directors. The balance of the shares were acquired a year or so later.
Source: Canada v. Nova Scotia Power Inc., 2003 Federal Court of Appeal 33
Background information contained in the judgment delivered at Ottawa, Ontario, on 23 January 2003
On 27 January 1972, the entire Board of Directors and the President of Nova Scotia Light & Power Company resigned, and were replaced by a new Board of Directors and President named by the new owner, the Nova Scotia Power Commission. On this date, the former shareholders formally and legally relinquished management control of the company; from this date all management decisions were made by the new owner.
In 1973, the Nova Scotia Power Commission was legally and financially reorganized as the Nova Scotia Power Corporation, a provincial crown corporation.
On 12 August 1992, all the electric utility assets of the Nova Scotia Power Corporation were sold to Nova Scotia Power Inc., a private (non-government) corporation.
On 1 January 1999, ownership of Nova Scotia Power Inc. (NSPI) was transferred to NS Power Holdings Inc. (NSPH). On that date, all NSPI common shares were transferred from the previous owners (individuals, pension funds, etc.) to NSPH — which issued to the former NSPI shareholders, one NSPH share for each NSPI share. Thus Nova Scotia Power Inc. became a wholly-owned subsidiary of NS Power Holdings Inc.
On 17 July 2000, the company name was changed to Emera Inc. from NS Power Holdings Inc. After this name change, Nova Scotia Power Inc. continued as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Emera Inc.
In March 2012, the Nova Scotia Light & Power Company Limited [RJSC ID#1001082] still exists as a legal entity, complete with a President and a Board of Directors, with its registered office at 1723 Hollis Street, Halifax. The RJSC records show its date of incorporation to have been 1 January 1914, with it having been "in business since" 23 February 1917 as Nova Sotia Tramways & Power Company Limited, with the name changed to Nova Scotia Light & Power Company Limited on 1 January 1928.
As of 28 December 2011 the company's directors were:
A.L. Bruce, Truro, Nova Scotia;
Barbara Walker, Halifax, Nova Scotia;
G.J. McCulloch, Windsor Junction, Nova Scotia;
J.G. MacDonald, Sydney, Nova Scotia;
George Perrin, Halifax, Nova Scotia;
A.G. Manuel, Halifax, Nova Scotia; President
C.H. Loveless, Halifax, Nova Scotia; Vice President Finance
H.W.V. Matthews, Halifax, Nova Scotia; Treasurer
James G. Spurr, Halifax, Nova Scotia; Secretary
— Source: Nova Scotia Registry of Joint Stock Companies [RJSC]
On 11 January 2012, in response to a query, I received an e-mail from David Rodenhiser, Senior Communications Advisor at Nova Scotia Power, with the following information about what happened to the Nova Scotia Light and Power Company after January 1972:
Below is an explanation from Rick Smith, Emera's Vice President of Corporate Insurance, Assets and Legal, who was around at the time of privatization (August 1992).
In the late 1960s and early 70s the Crown utility Nova Scotia Power Commission acquired a number of other utilities including Eastern Light and Power and Nova Scotia Light and Power. In each case there were potential significant tax issues with the acquisitions which meant the best way for the Commission to acquire the assets of these companies was through long term lease arrangements. In order to allow this to happen, both Eastern Light and NSL&P were continued as companies and leased all of the assets held at the time to NSP Commission, although all of the assets so acquired were under the total control of NSPC (which had its name changed to Nova Scotia Power Corporation as I recall at the time of the NSL&P acquisition in 1972).
Both Eastern and NSL&P continued as companies, albeit no more than shell companies [see note below], and at the time of the privatization in 1992, all assets of NSPC, including those leased by Eastern and NSL&P, were sold to NSPI.
NSPC, Eastern and NSL&P all remained under the ownership of the Province.
While Nova Scotia Power administered NSL&P etc. prior to privatization, the administration of all of those companies fell to the Province upon privatization. I do not know why the Province has continued to maintain NSL&P nor do I now know if it could be wound up. Obviously the Province has allowed it to continue to exist.
In any event that company and its name continue to be on the Registry of Joint Stock Companies, although nothing appears to have been done for some time as far as filings etc are concerned.
The individuals listed as directors and officers are a combination of backgrounds. A.L. Bruce, Barbara Walker, G.J. McCulloch and J.G. MacDonald were directors of NSPC and if I remember correctly NSL&P and Eastern at the time of the privatization. The province retained them as directors on these companies upon Privatization.
The others were all officials of the Department of Finance or the then Attorney General's department assigned to Finance.
Note (by ICS, 20 January 2012):— “Shell company” is a recognized legal term commonly used to describe a company that exists but does not actually do any business or have any assets. Security regulatory authorities in many countries have formal definitions of “shell companies”. For example, a shell company, as defined in Rule 405 of the United States Securities Act, is a registrant with no or nominal operations and either no or nominal assets, assets consisting solely of cash and cash equivalents, or assets consisting of any amount of cash and cash equivalents and nominal other assets.
In each jurisdiction, there are minimum requirements that must be maintained in order for a company to continue existing as a legal entity.
• Each company must have a board of directors. The number of directors is determined by the bylaws of the particular company. The directors are paid by the company; when and how much is decided by the company and the company must make its own arrangements about where this money comes from. The company is responsible for keeping proper accounting records of these payments.
• To maintain its legal registration, each registered company must pay an annual fee to a government office that registers companies and maintains a list of companies with currently valid legally registrations. In Nova Scotia this record is maintained by the Registry of Joint Stock Companies.
Source: 1935 Annual Report of the Nova Scotia Public Utilities Board
On 28 December 2012, I received an e-mail message
from a retired NSL&P employee. He wrote:
I was wondering if by chance you might have a picture of that old Crossley truck that the power company used from the end of the war up to the 1960's as a snowplow mostly. The best I can make out is that it was a Q model used as a crash truck in Britain. I understand that it came over to Canada carrying a radar station for training purposes. It had a 4 cylinder engine and when that got bad, they fitted a 6 cylinder Chev in its place. It had a big v plow with a hand pump to raise the hydraulic cylinder. There was no power steering. Ronald Schofield and Ernie Bezanson both drove it. Ernie did most of the repairs.
A younger man in Hantsport acquired the old truck with an idea of restoring it some years ago. I must stop around some day and see how he ever made out.
I do not have any photograph of this machine,
but it could be that someone with an old photo album does.
Original size: 20.8cm × 8.9cm
Original size: 25.1cm × 8.5cmNova Scotia Light and Power Company paycheque stub, 31 July 1959 (below)
This cheque was signed by L.F. Kirkpatrick, President, and E.A. LeBlanc, Secretary. Les Kirkpatrick was General Manager of the Nova Scotia Power Commission for many years, and was named President of the Nova Scotia Light & Power Company after that Company was bought by the Nova Scotia Power Commission. Ted LeBlanc was Secretary of the Nova Scotia Light & Power Company for many years before the 1972 takeover, and remained as Secretary afterward. The position of Secretary was an important job within the legal structure of the Company.
This cheque was printed on a standard
Hollerith punch card.
In the 1960s and 1970s, mass-produced cheques – such as paycheques,
dividend cheques and pension cheques – often were printed on Hollerith cards,
to facilitate the handling of the cashed cheques by banks and clearing houses.
Original size: 7 3/8 × 3 1/4 inches 18.7cm × 8.3cm
The Wayback Machine has archived copies
Archived: 1998 December 7
Archived: 1999 April 17
Archived: 1999 November 22
Archived: 2000 January 27
Archived: 2000 August 17
Archived: 2001 April 20
Archived: 2002 October 18
Archived: 2003 June 26
Archived: 2004 August 11
Archived: 2005 December 11
Archived: 2006 December 06
Archived: 2007 October 09
Archived: 2008 May 12
Archived: 2010 December 07
Archived: 2012 February 25
Hits per calendar month 2014 May 522 2014 Apr 274 2014 Mar 242 2014 Feb 301 2014 Jan 433 2013 Dec 426 2013 Nov 254 2013 Oct 227 2013 Sep 228 2013 Aug 139 2013 Jul 141 2013 Jun 183 2013 May 247 2013 Apr 288 2013 Mar 1047 2013 Feb 1173 2013 Jan 889 2012 Dec 600 2012 Nov 431 2012 Oct 252 2012 Sep 199 2012 Aug 131 2012 Jul 114 2012 Jun 94 2012 May 118 2012 Apr 82 2012 Mar 103 2012 Feb 107 2012 Jan 92 2011 Dec 108 2011 Nov 74 2011 Oct 76 2011 Sep 75 2011 Aug 52 2011 Jul 77 2011 Jun 95 2011 May 68 2011 Apr 104 2011 Mar 70 2011 Feb 87 2011 Jan 110 2010 Dec 103 2010 Nov 66
W3C HTML Validation Service
W3C CSS Validation Service
First uploaded to the WWW: 1997 October 14
Script upgraded to HTML 4.01: 2002 September 10
Moved to new hosting service: 2010 October 15
Latest update: 2014 June 16